Hello Students: DAY- 4 Morning Coffee with NEET



HELLO STUDENTS: DAY- 4 Morning 

1.SPECIFIC CHEMICAL AGENTS IN BIOLOGICAL RESPONSES:
*Anticoagulant=Heparin (or) Antithrombin.
*Antiviral=Interferon
*Antibacterial=Lysozyme
*Antidiuretic=Vasopressin
*Antidiabetic=Insulin
*Anti-inflammatory=Cortisol
*Antimalarial=Quinine.
*Antihistamine=Cetirizine
*Anticancerous=Azithromycin and Anthromycin group of antibiotics.
*Antiallergic=Flavonoids
*Antisterilitic Vitamin= Vitamin E
*Antihaemorrhagic Vitamin= Vitamin K
*Antiscorbutic Vitamin= Vitamin C

2.TEMMINOLOGY USED IN REMOVAL OF ORGANS:
*HYSTERECTOMY=Removal or Uterus
*THYMECTOMY=Removal of Thymus gland.
*ORCHIDECTOMY(or)ORCHIECTOMY= Removal of Testes.
*CHOLECYSTECTOMY=Removal of Gall bladder.
*SALPINGECTOMY=Removal of Fallopian tube.
*SALPINGO-OOPHORECTOMY=Removal of an Ovary together with Fallopian tube.
*MASTECTOMY=Removal of Breast.
*LUMPECTOMY=Removal of Cancer tissue in the Breast.
*VASECTOMY=Removable of a portion of Vas defe lookrence and cut ends are ligated.
*TUBECTOMY= A portion of Fallopian tube is cut and ligated.
*PROSTATECTOMY= Romoval of Prostate gland.
*TONSILLECTOMY= Removal of Tonsils.
*PANCREATECTOMY=Removal of Pancreas.
*TENOTOMY=Removal of Tendon.
*APPENDECTOMY= Removal of Appendix.

3.CHEMICAL NAME OF VITAMINS:
*Vitamin A = Retinol
*Vitamin D = Calciferol
*Vitamin E = Tocopherol
*Vitamin K = Phylloquinone (or) Phytonadione.
*Vitamin B1 = Thiamin
*Vitamin B2 = Riboflavin
*Vitamin B3= Niacin (or) Nicotinic acid
*Vitamin B5 = Pantothenic acid
*Vitamin B6 = Pyridoxine
*Vitamin B7 = Biotin
*Vitamin B9 = Folic acid
*Vitamin B12= Cyanocobalamine (or) Cobalamin.
*Vitamin C = Ascorbic acid

4.VITAMINS AND DEFICIENCY DISEASES:
FAT SOLUBLE VITAMINS:
*Xerosis = Vitamin A
*Xerophthalmia = Vitamin A
*Keratomalacia = Vitamin A
*Nyctalopia = Vitamin A
*Rickets in Children= Vitamin D
*Osteomalacia in Adults = Vitamin D
*Sterility in adults = Vitamin E( experimentally proved in rats )
*Haemorrhagic manifestation=Vitamin K
WATER SOLUBLE VITAMINS:
*Beri beri = Vitamin B1
*Gastro intestinal problems and Angular Stomatitis=  Vitamin B2
* Pellagra=  Vitamin B3(or) Niacin (or) Nicotinic acid.
*Dermatitis=Vitamin B6 (or) Pyridoxine
*Anaemia = Vitamin B6 (or) Pyridoxine
*Pernicious anaemia =Vitamin B12
*Sailor's disease = Vitamin C (or) Ascorbic acid.
*Scurvy = Vitamin C (or ) Ascorbic acid.

5.IMPORTANT HORMONE DEFICIENCY DISORDERS:
*Dwarfism=Hyposecretion of Growth hormone.
*Gigantism=Hypersecretion of Growth hormone in Children.
*Acromegaly=Hypersecretion of  Growth hormone in Adults.
*Simple goitre (or) Endemic goitre=Hyposecretion of Thyroxine
*Cretinism=Hypothyroidism in infants.
*Myoedema= Hypothyroidism in Adults.
*Grave's disease (or)Thyrotoxicosis (or)Exopthalmic goitre =Hypersecretion of Thyroxine.
*Tetany=Hyposecretion of Parathormone.
*Bone Cyst = Hyperparathyroidism.
*Addison's disease=Hyposecretion of Adrenal Cortex hormones.
*Cushing's Syndrome=Excess secretion of Cortisol,a Glucocorticoid.
*Hypoglycemia=Increased secretion of Insulin.
*Hyperglycemia =Increased secretion of Glucagon.
*Diabetes mellitus = Decreased secretion of Insulin.
*Diabetes insipidus= Decreased secretion of Vasopressin or Antidiuretic hormone (ADH).

6.BIOLOGICALLY IMPORTANT DAYS:
*JANUARY 30=Anti Leprosy Day
*MARCH 20=World Sparrow Day
*MARCH 24=World Tuberculosis Day
*APRIL 17= World Haemophilia Day
*MAY 31=World Anti Tobacco Day
*JUNE14= World Blood Donor Day
*JUNE 11=World Population Day
*AUGUST 1 = World Breast Feeding Day
*AUGUST 20= World Malaria Day
*SEPTEMBER 21= World Alzheimer's Day
*OCTOBER 15 = Global Handwashing Day
*OCTOBER 21 =Global Iodine deficiency Day
*NOVEMBER 14 =World Diabetes Day
*DECEMBER 1 = World AIDS Day
*DECEMBER 2 = Bhopal Tragedy Day.

By
Mr.R.Soundarapandian, MSc, MEd, MPhil, 
PG Asst Zoology 
SIR MCTM Boys Higher Secondary School, 
Purasawalkam Chennai-84.

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